Gynaecological Issues – What Women Need to Know

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By Dr. Akhila Sangeetha Bhat , Gynaecology

In addition to various problems concerned with day to day living, women also experience problems of the physical body especially gynaecology related. So, let’s discover the four down there woes that affect you and other women the most.

1. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

The calling cards of this syndrome are acne, irregular periods, weight gain, an excessive body as well as facial hair. But each of these symptoms could hint towards end number of issues, particularly during the adolescent stage when PCOS usually strikes first.  Needless to say, this problem should be given due attention because if it’s left untreated you may develop increased risk of type 2 diabetes, endometrial cancer and heart disease.

2. Endometriosis

When any woman suffers from endometriosis, the uterine lining usually gets stuck at some or the other place.  It can run down through your cervix and vagina and also travel upside through your fallopian tubes where it gets attached to your bladder, bowel or ovaries. It disrupts your normal hormonal cycles thereby leading to heavy bleeding, thick scarring and inflammation. It can also cause dreadful cramps, diarrhoea, painful sex or constipation. There are Rx medicines available which if don’t provide you relief, then switch to alternative treatments such as acupuncture or surgeries to alleviate your pain.

3. Uterine Fibroids

Similar to PCOS and endometriosis, fibroids can result in heavy bleeding in addition to the gut-wrenching cramps during your period. It can also put unrelenting pressure on your rectum and bladder. However, that being said some sufferers show no symptoms whatsoever. Even though not much has been discovered about what causes these muscle balls, but a new finding suggests exposure to phthalates may be a likely cause.  But with the advent of newer and comparatively milder treatments, you can escape this condition.

4. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

It is a bacterial infection that can affect your fallopian tubes, uterus and other sexual organs. Often a complication of STDs like gonorrhoea and chlamydia, PID gives birth to one out of five sufferers. Its symptoms can be severe pelvic or abdominal pain, high fever, teeming vaginal discharge and vomiting. For its treatment, you can resort to antibiotics in addition to pain medicines, which can range from ibuprofen to narcotics.